Modern Barcelona experienced spectacular growth and economic revival at the onset of industrialization during the second half of the 19th century. The 1888 World's Fair became the symbol of the capacity for hard work and the international outlook projected for the city, Culture and the arts flourished in Barcelona and in all of Catalonia; the splendor achieved by Catalonian modernism is one of the post patent displays.
Barcelona, more than just a single city, is really a collection of multifaceted and diverse cities. The visitor unfamiliar with its history might be surprised by the fact that such a modern and enterprising city preserves its historic Gothic center almost intact, or by the curious contrast between the maze of narrow streets and the grid-like layout of the Example, the urban planning project of the end of the 19th century; or that beside a modern high-rise, we can also find a quaint square where the most outstanding decorative element is a chimney echoing the old factories from the past.
Barcelona is positioned on the northeastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the shore of the Mediterranean and is the second largest city in Spain. It is documented that the city dates back to the founding of a Roman colony on its soil in the second century B.C.
The Bari Gothic Quarter is located in the southeastern part of the city. It is considered the central part of the city. LaRambla runs from the Placa de Catalunya to the Columbus monument in the port. From the port, the street called Avinguda del Paral-lel will take you to the Placa de Espanya, where the Fira de Barcelona complex is located. From the Avinguda Reina Maria Cristina, the Palau Nacional can be viewed...nestled on the hill call Montjuic, where numerous ports installations were erected and remodeled for the 1992 Olympic Games. The Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, running from west to east, the Passeig de Gracia, from south to north; and the Avinguda Diagonal, transversely, are the main arteries of the Example area.
Gothic, the old town district....is known for the treasure house of Gothic monuments found her...occupies what was formerly an ancient fortified Roman village. It is the site of historic monuments and modern institutions.
Outside the first wall but still medieval in origin is the Ribera Quarter, separated from the Gothic Quarter by the Via Laietana. It actually comprises two separate districts: Sana Pere, inhabited by merchants and Santa Maria del Mar, populated by sailors. Both districts were joined together during the 14th century by the street of C. Montcada and became the center of the new city and where the finest private mansions were built, many which are still standing today.
El Eixample or "Enlargement" is the central area of the city of Barcelona formed by a grid layout of streets with diamond -shaped intersections. It reflects the expansion in the city during the last third of the 19th century.
Seven different sections, each with its own name, make up the street call La Rambla. The upper section is named the Rambla de Canaletes after the fountain of Canaletes. Tradition has it hat any visitor who drinks its waters will one day come back to Barcelona. A short ways down is C.Santa Anna named for the Church of Santa Anna (A Romanesque jewel from the 12th century). The next section which goes from C. Santa Anna to C. Portaferrissa is called the Rambla dels Estudis, so named because it housed the Estudi General or medieval University. The portion closest to C.Portaferrisa is reserved for the bird market. The Pla del Teatre is the next stretch and owes its name to the first theater in the he city built in the 16th century. The lower sections is known as the Rambla de Santa Monica, a wide avenue with no trees. On weekends, a handicraft market is held in this area.
Food and Drink
Cataan cuisines defies summarizing with a few typical dishes. Dishes with deep-rooted country origins, from the humble excudella to the rich and varied seafood from grilled fish to excellent suquet de peix. Among the gastronomical traditions, the midmorning snack consists of cold cuts, omelettes or other foods almost always accompanied by the inevitable pa amb tomquet, bread spread with tomato sauce and sprinkled with olive
oil. Desserts are varied and not limited to the most typical ones, such as crema catalana (custard with a carmel crust) and mel i mato (cottage cheese and honey).
Festivals and Celebrations
The Procession of the Three Wise Men on January 5th inaugurates the year's festivities.
Carnival is celebrated in February with parades and fireworks
March 3rd is the festival of Sant Medir
April 23rd, festival of Sant Jordi (S.George) is the day of roses and books.
Corpus Cristi Festival is celebrated in June with parades of giants and big-headed carnival figures.
June 23rd, summer solstice on the eve of Sant Joan (St.John), is a night of bonfires and fireworks
The Assumption Festival on August 15th is celebrated in the area of the Bracia Quarter
On September 11, LaDiada, Catalynya's national holiday is celebrated with official and political events.
September 24th is the festival of La Merce, patroness of Barcelona. This is a time of big celebrations with four days of musical performances, buff fights, parades of giants and big-headed figures, fireworks, cultural and sports events, and open-air dancing in the city.
Where to Stay
The total number of hotel beds available in Barcelona exceeds, 15,000, including five, four and three star hotels.
The climate in Barcelona is typically Mediterranean. Autumn and spring are generally the rainy seasons.